National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

increasing ocean natural process and therefore the potential effects on living marine resources and ocean ecosystems. The committee’s report will:
1. Review current data of ocean natural process, covering past, present, and anticipated
future effects on ocean ecosystems. A. To what degree is that the gift understanding enough to guide federal and state
agencies in evaluating potential impacts for environmental and living resource
management?
B. To what degree area unit administrative unit programs and plans awake to the nation’s
needs for ocean natural process analysis, observation and assessments?
2. establish important uncertainties and key science queries relating to the progression and
impacts of ocean natural process and therefore the new info required to facilitate analysis and
decision making for potential mitigation and adaptation choices.
A. What area unit the important info necessities for impact assessments and forecasts
(e.g., biogeochemical processes regulation part carbonic acid gas exchange, buffering, and
acidification; effects of natural process on organisms at numerous life stages and on
biomineralization; and therefore the effects of parallel stressors)?
B. What ought to be the priorities for analysis and observation to supply the required
information for national and regional impact assessments for living marine resources
and ocean ecosystems over following decade?
C. however ought to the adverse impacts of ocean natural process be measured and valued?
D. however may further analysis and modeling improve contingency designing for
adaptive management of natural process impacts on marine ecosystems and resources?
3. advocate a technique of analysis, monitoring, and assessment for federal agencies, the
scientific community, and alternative partners, together with a technique for developing a
comprehensive, coordinated interagency program to handle the high priority info
needs.
A. What linkages with states, non-governmental organizations, and therefore the international
science community area unit required?
B. what's the acceptable balance among (a) short and long run analysis goals and (b)
research, observations, modeling, and communication?
C. What opportunities area unit obtainable to collaborate with international programs, such as
the Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and system analysis (IMBER) and
Surface Ocean – Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS) comes, and non-U.S.
programs, like the ecu Project on Ocean natural process (EPOCA)? What
would be the worth of coordinating  U.S. efforts through international scientific
organizations like the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the
International Council for Science Scientific Committee on Oceanic analysis
(SCOR), the planet Climate analysis Programme (WCRP), the International Council
for the Exploration of the ocean (ICES), and therefore the North Pacific Marine Science
Organization (PICES)?
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