Creative Problem Solving for Managers - Developing Skills

Creative Problem Solving for Managers - Developing Skills


Lateral thinking and
associated strategies
Edward DE Bono coined the term ‘lateral thinking’ and has been actively promoting it for the past
thirty years. basically heuristic rule isn't only 1 technique however variety of various ways in which
of gap oneself to power and drawback finding. On nearer examination it'll be seen
that heuristic rule has several overlaps with synectics (see Chapter 8) different|and several other} other well-known
methods. Edward DE Bono has written extensively concerning the method of heuristic rule – the
generation of novel solutions to issues. the purpose of heuristic rule is that several issues
require a distinct perspective to be taken so as to resolve them with success.
The chapter intersperses a range of extra mechanisms prompt by numerous writers with
the main ideas expressed by DE Bono concerning heuristic rule. heuristic rule will be classified
under the headings of awareness, alternatives and provocative strategies.The chapter considers every of these aspects of heuristic rule successively.

Awareness considerations the approach during which individuals scrutinize a problem; beneath this heading we tend to review such things as dominant concepts, tethering factors, polarising tendencies, boundaries place around issues, and assumptions.With reference to the last of those we tend to additionally scrutinize variety of techniques to assist U.S. get
 o grips with the assumptions we tend to hold.We take into account assumption smashing, difficult assumptions and assumption reversal. Alternatives refers to other ways of viewing a haul, and that we scrutinize such things as avoidance devices, rotation of attention, amendment of entry purpose, quota of alternatives, idea challenge, keyword omission, and fractionalisation and bridging.
Lateral thinking will advocate some thinking strategies, and these come back beneath the heading of
provocative techniques.They embody random input, intermediate not possible, reversals, distortion and exaggeration, exposure, cross-fertilisation, downside change, and also the use of the term po.An introduction to thinking in terms of metaphors and analogies is additionally bestowed in addition as thoughts concerning the discontinuity principle.


Lateral thinking is concerning moving sideways once functioning on a tangle
to try totally different perceptions, {different|totally totally different|completely different} ideas and different points ofentry.The term covers a range of ways, as well as provocations to
get United States out of the standard line of thought. heuristic rule is cutting across
patterns in an exceedingly self-organising system, and has substantially to try to to with
perception.The term ‘lateral thinking’ will be utilized in 2 senses:
 Specific: a collection of systematic techniques used for ever-changing idea and perceptions, and generating new ones General: exploring multiple prospects and approaches rather than
pursuing one approach
Lateral thinking may be a manner of thinking that needs folks to seem at things
in Associate in Nursing unconventional manner and needs them to remember of the
limitations of their traditional frame of reference. as an example, the
assumptions folks create don't seem to be continuously excusable beneath given
circumstances, and there's a bent to look at things as having either
this resolution or that resolution, with no alternative alternatives. heuristic rule
also demands that we should always remember of the opposite ways that within which a
situation will be viewed.
De Bono identifies four crucial factors related to lateral
thinking:
1 recognising the dominant ideas that polarise perception of a tangle
2 looking for alternative ways of gazing things
3 relaxation of rigid management of thinking
4 use of likelihood to encourage alternative ideas. (This last issue should do
with the very fact that heuristic rule involves low-probability ideas
which square measure unlikely to occur within the traditional course of events.)
Differences between lateral and vertical thinking:
 Vertical thinking is selective; heuristic program is generative.
 Vertical thinking is analytical; heuristic program is provocative.
Vertical thinking is sequential; heuristic program will build jumps.
 With vertical thinking one should be correct at each step; with heuristic program one doesn't
have to be.
 With vertical thinking classes, classifications and labels ar fixed; with heuristic program they
are not.
 Vertical thinking follows the foremost doubtless paths; heuristic program explores the smallest amount doubtless.

 Vertical thinking may be a finite process; heuristic program may be a probabilistic one.

De Bono ([1970] 1971) envisages heuristic program as an outline of a process leading
to new insights. For him the dual aspects of heuristic program square measure, first, the provocative use of
information and, second, the challenge to accepted ideas. heuristic program involves viewing
problems from a replacement perspective so as to make additional innovative solutions and move off from
conventional concepts. In distinction to logical or vertical thinking there are not any paradigms to follow.
Vertical thinking involves continuity, whereas one in all the characteristic options of heuristic program
is separation.
In general, individuals square measure susceptible to vertical thinking, so the transition towards illogical
thought patterns doesn't come back naturally. However, the ability are often developed, and by watching
a problem from completely different views new concepts are often generated instead of simply variations on
old ideas.The new concepts may appear impractical within the 1st place, however if explored any a viable
solution will usually be found.

Three major activities get in creating up lateral thinking:
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